Supreme Court clears decks for reservation in promotion to SC/ST employees

| June 5, 2018

Promotions, according to the Centre, have come to a “standstill” due to the orders passed by various high courts. The apex court had also ordered for “status quo” in a similar matter in 2015.

The Supreme Court on Tuesday cleared the decks for reservation in promotion to SC/ST employees working in the public sector. A bench comprising of Justices Adarsh Kumar Goel and Ashok Bhushan asked the Centre to go ahead and implement its reservation policy as it is in “accordance with law”.








“We will say you (Centre) can go ahead with promotion in accordance with law,” the vacation bench told Additional Solicitor General (ASG) Maninder Singh.

Promotions, according to the Centre, have come to a “standstill” due to the orders passed by various high courts.  The apex court had also ordered for “status quo” in a similar matter in 2015.

During the hearing, the ASG cited the case laws on the issue of quota in promotion in government jobs and stated that the apex court’s 2006 judgement in M Nagaraj case would be applicable.

The M Nagaraj verdict stated that creamy layer concept cannot be applied to the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes for promotions in government jobs like two earlier verdicts of 1992 Indra Sawhney and others versus Union of India (popularly called Mandal Commission verdict) and 2005 E V Chinnaiah versus State of Andhra Pradesh, which dealt with creamy layer in Other Backward Classes category.




The top court was hearing a petition from the Centre challenging the Delhi High Court’s verdict quashing government’s order extending reservation in promotion to employees belonging to the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes beyond five years from November 16, 1992.

ASG Singh referred to a May 17 order passed by a bench headed by Justice Kurian Joseph in a similar matter in which it was said that pendency of petition before it shall not stand in the way of the Centre taking steps for the purpose of promotion.

“How the promotion is taking place as of now?,” the bench asked.

Responding to the query, the ASG said, “They are not. It is all standstill. This is the problem”.

“I am the government and I want to give promotion as per constitutional mandate,” he told the bench and urged that he was seeking a similar order as passed on May 17.

He said that another bench of the apex court had earlier said that a five-judge constitution bench would examine the issue as to whether the M Nagaraj judgement, which dealt with the issue of application of the ‘creamy layer’ for reservation to SC and ST categories in promotion in government jobs, was required to be re-looked at or not.




Earlier on November 15 last year, a three-judge bench of the apex court had agreed to consider whether its 11-year-old judgement in M Nagaraj case was needed to be re-visited.

The top court had referred the matter to a constitution bench while it was hearing a batch of petitions which arose from a Bombay High Court verdict quashing two state government notifications terming them as ultra vires to Article 16(4A) of the Constitution.

The Delhi High Court, in its August 23 last year verdict, had set aside an August 1997 office memorandum issued by the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) on the issue of reservation in promotion to the employees belonging to SC/ST.

The high court had also restrained the Centre from granting reservation in promotion without first collecting the data on inadequate representation.

The nine-judge bench of Supreme Court had, in the Indira Sawhney case in 1992, permitted reservation for the SCs and STs in promotion to continue for a period of five years from November 16, 1992.

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